These briefs were developed by an interdisciplinary group of Costa Rican public health professionals who participated in a long-term capacity building process to promote secondary analysis of the 2010 Survey of Sexual and Reproductive Health.
- Conocimiento comprensivo sobre el VIH en personas jóvenes en Costa Rica
- Uso correcto y sistemático del condón en Costa Rica
- Factores vulnerabilidad al VIH/sida en mujeres costarricenses sexualmente activas
- Adopción del condón masculino como método de planificación y de prevención de la infección por VIH
- Factores determinantes de la realización de la prueba de VIH en Costa Rica
- Efecto de la violencia sexual en el riesgo de infección del VIH
Information Needs for OVC Program Management and Evaluation: A framework
Programs serving orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) have become increasingly complex over the last decade, necessitating programs to collect more information to ensure adequate management. Programs are also facing greater pressure to demonstrate an interest in understanding impact and value for money, which is similarly leading to changes in the ways programs collect information and the types of information collected. In order to gather such information and contain costs, governments and programs are collecting increasing amounts of information at every interaction with program beneficiaries. This has led to a high burden on those providing, gathering, and inputting information and low data quality overall.
In this paper, we present a framework for categorizing different information needs for OVC program management and evaluation. The purpose of this framework is to support OVC program staff and donors to more clearly define information-collection strategies based on the information needed, why it is needed, and by whom it is needed. This will improve the efficiency of data-collection efforts, and improve the availability of the right (high-quality) data for various decision-making processes.
Geospatial analysis and geographic information system (GIS) software are useful tools for decision-making. This is because, to maximize health service coverage and access, it is important to assess whether the locations of health facilities are appropriately distributed throughout populated areas. This guide describes the questions that need to be answered and the data required to make a decision about resource allocation, using GIS tools.The guide also presents an illustrative scenario in which geospatial techniques were used to target investments in improving antenatal care coverage in Namibia.
The University of Pretoria is currently accepting applications for a workshop on “Monitoring and Evaluation of Health Programs” to take place October 6 – 24, 2014, in Pretoria, South Africa.
This course introduces delegates to the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of health programs, the improvement and institutionalization of the collection of health-related data and the analysis of program impact, with the aim of improving health program planning and performance. The main topics covered include the development of monitoring and evaluation programs for population, health and nutrition interventions (HIV/AIDS, STDs, TB, maternal health, family planning, child health and reproductive health). Additional topics, such as evaluation design, cost measurement and cost-effectiveness analyses, as well as longitudinal and multilevel analysis, are also discussed.
For more information, contact the Course Coordinator, Banele Senatla.
In 2011-2012, Uganda’s Ministry of Gender, Labour, and Social Development approved use of the Vulnerability Index (VI), a tool to identify vulnerable households and the extent of their vulnerability. Five U.S government-funded implementing partners started using the VI in 2012-2013. USAID/Uganda asked MEASURE Evaluation to conduct an assessment of the VI tool’s usefulness, feasibility, and data quality. This assessment concluded that while the VI provides a comprehensive, standardized tool for OVC programs, the tool may not identify the most critically vulnerable children. While one possible remedy would be to adjust the criteria used to capture children who fall in the “critically vulnerable” category, secondary data analysis illustrates that the tool design (e.g., number of questions per CPA, scoring rubric) should be reviewed more broadly.
Data collectors implementing the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) survey tools must be trained to a high standard. To enable this, MEASURE Evaluation has developed a training manual and materials for data collectors. Groups wanting to implement the OVC survey tools will need to adapt this training manual and materials to reflect the aims and design of the specific study. However, the structure of the training for data collectors should be similar, regardless of study objectives or design, and there are topic areas such as interviewing children that are relevant to all types of OVC studies and OVC research questions. This training manual aims to provide as much guidance as possible for prospective data collectors to implement these tools.
This training manual has three key objectives:
1. to familiarize participants with PEPFAR’s expectations around how these tools should be implemented;
2. to ensure standard and routine application of child protection and research ethics safeguards; and
3. to reduce the burden on local and international researchers who want to implement the OVC program evaluation tools.
MEASURE Evaluation conducted a reliability assessment of over 12,000 Round 1 VAT and Round 2 VAT records to determine if select indicators that were not supposed to change over time (e.g., sex of respondent, child disability status), remained the same in Round 2. These data helped determine the tool’s reliability for variables that should remain constant.