From the Local to the Global: Key issues in development studies
McCann, Gerard and Stephen McCloskey, editors. London: Pluto Press, 2015.
In its third edition, this book explores how closely the local and global are connected in today’s globalized economy. Updated to include chapters on new challenges to poverty eradication such as climate change, the financial crisis, and political instability, it provides an introduction to major development issues including: aid, debt, trade, migration, and gender.
Join a webinar on preliminary findings from a MEASURE Evaluation research study entitled Measuring Impact Qualitatively. The one-hour webinar will take place Thursday, October 29, at 10:00 AM EDT. The study and the webinar aim to elicit discussion and share insights regarding the role of qualitative methods in evaluative efforts to understand and measure impact.
In lower middle-income countries like Ghana, it is common to find low contraceptive use among adolescents and correspondingly high pregnancy rates in young women. The use of contraceptives prevents maternal, neonatal, and infant deaths, but in most lower middle-income countries, socio-cultural practices inhibit their use by adolescents who may want to prevent pregnancy. Increasing access to family planning among adolescents is therefore an important means of reducing maternal, neonatal, and infant mortality.
This article seeks to provide contextually relevant approaches to satisfying the family planning needs of adolescents. With support from MEASURE Evaluation, the study authors employed a qualitative study design from an interpretive paradigm to understand societal attitudes towards family planning delivery to adolescents. This helped reveal contextually appropriate ways of providing family planning. Focused group discussions and in-depth interview techniques were used to collection data and insights from adolescents, relevant community opinion leaders, and family planning and health services providers. Themes that emerged from data analysis on “perspectives on family planning care delivery to adolescents” and “best ways in addressing adolescents’ family planning needs” are presented, followed by discussion of the issues that emerged.
A significant and encouraging finding of the study was that opinion leaders and healthcare providers viewed family planning as a means to protect adolescents against pregnancy and its complications. A key recommendation is for policy makers and political leaders to enact legislation that enables adolescents to access youth-friendly family planning services in appropriate places and times.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for Disaster Management
Tomaszewski, Brian. New York: CRC Press, 2015
This text provides an introduction to the basics of GIS and includes chapters on GIS data formats (vector, raster, imagery) and GIS functions such as analysis, map production/cartography, and data modeling. Tomaszewski details the latest developments in GIS for disaster management and highlights emerging trends while presenting case studies that illustrate GIS concepts for specific disaster management scenarios.
MEASURE Evaluation is the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID’)s flagship mechanism for strengthening health information systems in developing countries. This fact sheet describes how MEASURE Evaluation can help plan and conduct studies and evaluations that are in line with the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and USAID evaluation policies—evaluations that are rigorously designed and take into account the complexities and realities of real-world settings.
MEASURE Evaluation can also assist with the challenges and opportunities presented by new data streams and information systems, such as PEPFAR’s Data for Accountability Transparency and Impact (DATIM) system for collecting data. Examples of our work in Ghana and Swaziland are provided.
MEASURE Evaluation is a leader in the field of gender-sensitive monitoring and evaluation (M&E). MEASURE Evaluation increases the capacity of individuals and organizations to collect, analyze, and use gender-related health information for better program and policy decision making at local, national, and global levels. The gender portfolio staff has expertise in a wide range of state-of-the-art, gender-sensitive M&E and health information systems (HIS), approaches, and tools, including analysis of sex-disaggregated and gender-sensitive indicators to identify potential gender-related patterns in program use and effects; HIS specification, design, and development for data on gender-based violence (GBV); capacity building to address gender in HIV and GBV program M&E; and development and selection of gender-sensitive indicators (i.e., those that try to directly measure gender).
Since the inception of PLACE, which identifies and maps populations who are most at risk in terms of HIV infections, the method has included a focus on female youth. The method provides a risk profile of female youth who attend venues identified as places where people meet new sexual partners. Although all PLACE studies can provide data on youth, several PLACE studies have specifically focused on youth or oversampled youth.
Join MEASURE Evaluation for the “Integration as a Health Systems Strengthening Intervention: Case Studies from Senegal and Malawi” webinar on September 30 at 9:30–11:00am EDT.
Integration of services has been adopted in recent years across the health sector as a strategy to improve availability and access to quality services for populations. MEASURE Evaluation conducted in-depth assessments of the integration process in Senegal and Malawi. These case studies illustrate how integration fared as a service delivery model and how elements of the health system were adapted to allow for the implementation of integration. Special consideration was given to the health information system elements that were also needed to support the monitoring and evaluation of integrated service delivery. The findings of these case studies and discussion of the implications for other settings pursuing a strategy of integrated service delivery, at scale, will form the basis of this webinar.